In addition to the aforementioned resignations, the Trump administration has threatened to step down, but has not (yet) identified the threat of a series of agreements. In two cases – the Universal Postal Union, one of the world`s oldest and most successful international organizations, and the Free Trade Agreement between Korea and the United States – it threatened to withdraw, but abandoned withdrawal plans after claiming to have made a concession. The President also threatened to withdraw from the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the organization of the North American treaty, but did not take concrete steps to commit these threats. However, in the case of the WTO, the government vetoed new members of the WTO`s dispute settlement body, which prevents it from appealing. While this is not a withdrawal from the organization, it compromises the organization`s ability to function as intended. Canada and the European Union have entered into a labour agreement to avoid the bloc and prevent the WTO dispute settlement process from completely collapse, but the organization remains hampered by U.S. intransigence. In accordance with Article 12 of the UPU Constitution (as amended), the withdrawal of the United States will come into force one year after the date of denunciation by the Director General of the UPU, note 34 of the footnote, which, in this case, would make the withdrawal effective on October 17, 2019. Footnote 35 The withdrawal of the United States is particularly noteworthy given the length of time the United States is part of the UPU. The United States became the first part in 1875 of the UPU`s predecessor, the General Postal Union, when it acceded to the Treaty establishing a General Postal Union, note 36, also known as the Treaty of Bern.
Meanwhile, the General Postal Union became the UPU in 1878, the specialized agency of the United Nations in 1948, and made numerous changes to its basic documents and regulatory practices. Footnote 37 The question of whether the Paris Agreement should have been treated as a treaty requiring consultation and approval by the Senate was considered by observers. Compare z.B., Steven Groves, The Paris Agreement is a treaty and should be submitted to the Senate, context No. 3103 (Heritage Foundation, March 15, 2016), thf-reports.s3.amazonaws.com/2016/BG3103.pdf (arguing that the Paris Agreement requires the Council and Senate approval) with David A. Wirth, The International and Domestic Law of Climate Change: A Binding International Without the Senate or Congress?, 39 Harv. Mr. Envtl. L. Rev. 515 (2015) (affirms that neither the deliberation and approval of the Senate nor the new laws of Congress are necessarily conditions that are an example for the United States to become parties to an international agreement on emissions reduction and climate change). 8 Galbraith, above in Article 1, for – (given three previous cases of the ICJ based on the Treaty of Indifference, two of which have been invoked by Iran); See also Chimene Keitner, What Are the Consequences of the Trump Administration`s Recent Treaty Withdrawals?, Just Security (Oct.