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Voluntary Environmental Agreements

Arora, S., Cason, T. (1996). Why do companies volunteer to push a move beyond environmental legislation? Understanding participation in the EPO 33/50 program. Agricultural economy, 72 (4), 413-432. Harrison, K. (1999). Talking to the donkey: the approaches of cooperation in the protection of the environment. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 2 (3), 51-72. J. Rivera. Institutional pressures and voluntary environmental behaviour in developing countries: evidence from Costa Rica. Society and Natural Resources, 17, 779-797. Delmas, M., Mazurek, J.

(2004). A transaction cost perspective for negotiated agreements: The case of the U.S. EPA XL program. In A. Baranzini – P. Thalmann (Eds.), Voluntary Approaches to Climate Protection: An Economic Assessment of Public-Private Partnerships. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing. Koehler, D. (2008). The effectiveness of voluntary environmental programs – A policy at a crossroads? Policy Studies Journal, 35 (4), 689-722.

Shah, K. (2011). Strategic organizational driver of corporate environmental responsibility in the Caribbean hotel industry. Political Science, 44 (4), 321-344. Segerson, K., Miceli, T. (1998). Voluntary environmental agreements: good or bad news for environmental protection? Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 36 (2), 109-130. Blackman, A., Mazurek, J. (2001). The cost of developing local environmental legislation: evidence from Project XL. EPO Environmental Management, 27 (1), 109-121.

Lyon, T., Maxwell, J. (2004). Business environment and public order. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ten Brink, P. (note). (2002). Voluntary environmental agreements: process, practice and future use. Sheffield, United Kingdom: Greenleaf Publishing. Khanna, M.

(2001). Economic analysis of non-compulsory approaches to environmental protection. Journal of Economic Surveys, 15 (3), 291-324. Glachant, M. (2007). Non-binding voluntary agreements. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 54 (1), 32-48. Voluntary environmental agreements attempt to address market failures in a different way than traditional regulatory and economic instruments. They are based on exchanges between the P.A. and companies and on the development of a framework of incentives for the parties in the context of negotiation and cooperation. The efficiency and effectiveness of AVs depend on specific characteristics that can only be assessed by a case analysis.

VAs may effectively be included in the environmental politician`s toolkit if certain conditions relating to their design and implementation are met, in order to limit the risk of arrest and freedom of conduct by regulators. Blackman, A., Lyon, T., Sisto, N. (2006a). voluntary environmental agreements when regulatory capacity is weak. Comparative Economic Studies, 48 (4), 682-702. Voluntary approaches to the environment: effectiveness, efficiency and use in policy dosages provide an in-depth assessment of the use of voluntary approaches, based on a series of new case studies and in-depth research of available literature. The analysis focuses on both voluntary approaches, which are isolated and used in policy dosages. Dvorék, A., Lisa, A., Sauer, P. (2002). Voluntary environmental agreements negotiated: case in the Czech Republic.

In P. ten Brink (Ed.), Voluntary Agreements on the Environment: Process, Practice and Future Use (p. 206-218). Sheffield, United Kingdom: Greenleaf Publishing. Jiménez, O. (2007). Voluntary environmental agreements: an empirical assessment of the Chilean case. Journal of Cleaner Production, 15, 620-637. Energy Information Management (EIS). (1995). Electricity production and external environment: case studies.

DoE/EIA-0598 report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Energy. This document contains taxonomy and models to help integrate the cost-effectiveness of voluntary environmental agreements (AVs) into the typical framework of environmental economics.