On January 22, 2020, the law was passed by the House of Lords without further amendment. The next day she obtained royal approval.   On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement was presented and the support of the British government cabinet, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  As a general rule, the British Parliament does not legislate on matters under the jurisdiction of the Scottish Parliament, Von Senedd Cymru or the Northern Ireland Assembly, without the consent of the relevant body. This conception of the Constitution is sometimes called the Sewel Convention. Approval is made by a legislative approval motion. Below are the relevant information on the consent provided by decentralized legislators with respect to this bill, including in cases where the competent legislator has decided not to give its consent. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month.
Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly exit from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union. The declaration on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration, negotiated and signed at the same time as the mandatory and broader withdrawal agreement on the uk`s withdrawal from the European Union (EU), known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. On November 13, 2017, Brexit Minister David Davis announced a new bill to enshrine the withdrawal agreement in national law through primary legislation. In further talks in the House of Commons, Davis said that if the UK decided not to pass the law on 29 March 2019, the UK would remain on track to leave the EU without a deal, having invoked Article 50 in March 2017, following the adoption of the Notification of Withdrawal Act 2017.  This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU Member State, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. The bill was reintroduced immediately after the general election and was the first bill introduced in the House of Commons in the first session of the 58th Parliament with amendments to the previous bill by the re-elected government and was read for the first time on December 19, just after the first reading of the Outlawries Bill and before the start of the debate on the Queen`s Speech. The second reading took place on 20 December and the third reading on 9 January 2020. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense.